Dynamic control is also known as Nonlinear Model Predictive Control (NMPC) or simply as Nonlinear Control (NLC). NLC with predictive models is a dynamic optimization approach that seeks to follow a trajectory or drive certain values to maximum or minimum levels.
Objective: Design a controller to maintain temperature of a chemical reactor. Develop 3 separate controllers (PID, Linear MPC, Nonlinear MPC) in Python, MATLAB, or Simulink. Demonstrate controller performance with steps in the set point and disturbance changes. Estimated time: 3 hours.
A reactor is used to convert a hazardous chemical A to an acceptable chemical B in waste stream before entering a nearby lake. This particular reactor is dynamically modeled as a Continuously Stirred Tank Reactor (CSTR) with a simplified kinetic mechanism that describes the conversion of reactant A to product B with an irreversible and exothermic reaction. It is desired to maintain the temperature at a constant setpoint that maximizes the destruction of A (highest possible temperature). Adjust the jacket temperature (Tc) to maintain a desired reactor temperature and minimize the concentration of A. The reactor temperature should never exceed 400 K. The cooling jacket temperature can be adjusted between 250 K and 350 K.
See additional information on this application on the Process Control Class Web-page.